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Prof. Ekanem Ikpi Braide


Zoology and Environmental Biology




[email protected]

About Prof. Ekanem Ikpi Braide

Professor Ekanem Ikpi Braide, an indigene of Cross River State, Nigeria, was born on March 6, 1946. She holds a Bachelors degree in Zoology (Ife, Nigeria 1971) as well as Masters and Doctorate degrees in Parasitology/Epidemiology (1973, 1978, Cornell, USA). She also holds a Certificate in Epidemiological Methods from Southampton University (British Council Course). She taught in Community Secondary School, Ugep (1966 – 1968), College of Education, Port Harcourt (1973) and University of Nigeria, Nsukka (1973 – 1976). She served at the Nigerian Institute for Trypanosomiasis Research, Kaduna (1978 - 1979) as a pioneer officer/researcher in charge of the Onchocerciasis Control Unit of the Institute. Thereafter, she joined the University of Calabar in 1979 as a lecturer and was promoted to the rank of Professor in 1991. Prof. Braide’s research focus is on disease control particularly operational research, impact assessment of interventions, rapid assessment methods in mapping diseases and community initiatives in disease control. She served as the Zonal Facilitator in the Nigerian Guinea worm Eradication Programme, South East Zone from 1988 to 1998 and on the WHO/FGN Guinea worm Eradication Certification Committee until Nigeria was certified guinea worm free in 2013. She coordinated Anglophone teams for African Programme on Onchocerciasis Control (APOC) multi-country impact assessment of onchocerciasis control activities in Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Tanzania and Nigeria. She was a member of the TDR/APOC team that developed RAPLOA, a rapid assessment tool for determining prevalence of Loa loa for quick identification of communities in areas co-endemic for onchocerciasis and loaisis that are at high risk of severe adverse reactions to ivermectin treatment. Prof. Braide was a member of WHO/APOC Technical Consultative Committee (TCC) from 2001 to 2006 and chaired the Committee from 2003 to 2006. She was also a member of Mectizan Expert Committee from 2003 to 2006. She served as member (Alternate Chairman) of National Steering Committee, Nigerian Neglected Tropical Diseases Programme (2007-2018) and is current Chairman, Technical Advisory Committee, Cross River State Neglected Tropical Diseases Programme. She also served as a member of the Board of Trustees of Sightsavers for eight years and chaired the Technical Advisory Group (TAG) of the 4 year Sightsavers DFID funded NTD UNITED project which ended in 2019. She is President of the Board of Trustees, Society for Family Health (SFH) and Chairman of the Board of Trustees, The Leprosy Mission (TLM) Nigeria. Professor Braide is Fellow and Co-founder, Nigerian Society of Parasitology; Fellow, Salzburg Seminar Session 319; Fellow (Vice President) Nigerian Academy of Science. She has received many awards, including, Cross River State 2000 Millennium Award and Jimmy/Roslynn Carter Award for outstanding dedication and achievement in the eradication of guinea worm in Nigeria. In July 2010, Professor Braide was honoured by the President of Nigeria with the award of Officer of the Order of the Federal Republic (OFR) for her contribution to disease control in Nigeria. Professor Braide served as Vice Chancellor, Cross River University of Technology (CRUTECH) Calabar, Nigeria (2004 to 2009) and as Pioneer Vice Chancellor, Federal University, Lafia, Nigeria (2011 to 2016). She is currently the Pro-Chancellor of Arthur Jarvis University, Akpabuyo, Nigeria.

S/N Qualification School Atttended Started Finished
First School Leaving CertificateOtapete Primary School, Ilesha, Nigeria19511957
West African School CertificateSt. Anne’s School, Ibadan, Nigeria19581962
Higher School CertificateQueen’s School, Enugu, Nigeria19631965
B.Sc. (Hons) ZoologyUniversity of Ife, Ile-Ife, Nigeria19681971
M.Sc. ParasitologyCornell University, Ithaca, New York, U.S.A19711972
PhD Parasitology. Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, U.S.A19761978
Certificate in EpidemiologySouthampton U.K. British Council Course19861986

S/N Publication
Adie, H. A., Oyo-Ita, A., Okon, O. E., Arong, G. A., Atting, I. A., Braide, E. I., Nebe, O., Emanghe, U. E., & Otu, A. A. (2015). Evaluation of intensity of Urinary Schistosomiasis in Biase and Yakurr Local Government Areas of Cross River State, Nigeria after two years of integrated control measures. Research Journal of Parasitology, 10(2), 58 – 65.
Braide, E., & Uno, A. (2014). The State and the Academia in Community Development: A Focus on Tourism. In Public Policy and Politics in Nigeria; a critical discourse. ISBN 978-978-53714-5-1. 894-908
Braide, E. (2014). Transforming Tertiary Education in Nigeria. A reflection on Cross River State University of Technology (CRUTECH. In Public Policy and Politics in Nigeria; a critical discourse. ISBN 978-978-53714-5-1. 859-882.
Adie, H. A., Okon, E. O., Arong, G. A., Braide, E. I., & Ekpo, U. F. (2013). Spatial distribution of urinary schistosomiasis in Cross River State, using geographical information system and school based questionnaire. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 16, 1166-1172.
Ekpo, U. F., Hurlimann, E., Schur, N., Oluwole, A. S., Abe, E. M., Mafe, M. A., Nebe, O. J., Isiyaku, S., Olamiju, F., Mukaila, K., Poopola, T. O. S., Braide, E. I., Saka, Y., Mafiana, C. F., Kristensen, T. K., Utzinger, J., & Vounatsou, P. (2013). Mapping and prediction of schistosomiasis in Nigeria using compiled survey data and Bayesian geospatial modelling. Geospatial Health, 7(2), 355-366.
Abe, E. M., Oluwole, A. S., Ojo, D. A., Idowu, O. A., Mafiana, C. F., Braide, E. I., & Ekpo, U.F. (2012). Predicting the geospatial distribution of Bulinus snail vector of urinary schistosomiasis in Abeokuta, South western, Nigeria. The Zoologist, 10, 53-60.
Ozoh, G. A., Murdoch, M. E., Bissek, A. C., Hagan, M., Ogbuagu, K., Shama, M., Braide, E. I., Seketeli, A., & Amazigo, U. V. (2011). The African Programme for Onchocerciasis Control: impact on Onchocercal Skin disease. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 16(7), 875 – 883.
Umeh, R. E., Mahmoud, A. O., Hagan, M., Wilson, M., Okoye, O. I., Asana, U., Biritwum, R., Ogbu-Pearce, P., Elhassan, E., Yaméogo, L., Braide, E. I., Seketeli, A., (2011). Prevalence and distribution of ocular onchocerciasis in three ecological zones in Nigeria. African journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences, 39, 267-275.
Miri, E. S., Hopkins, D. R., Tiben, E. R., Keana, A. S., Withers, P. C., Anagbogu, I. N., Sadiq, L. K., Kale, O. O., Edungbola, L.D., Braide, E. i., Ologe, J. O., & Ityonzugul, C. (2010). Nigeria’s triumph: Dracunculiasis eradicated. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 83(2), 215 – 225.
Umeh, R. E., Babalola, O. E., Mahmoud, A. O., Okoye, O.I., Asana, U., Umeh, C.N., Braide, E., Biritwum, R., Seketeli, A. (2010). Utility and effectiveness of Computerized Motion Sensitivity Screening Tests (MSST) in rural onchocercal community diagnosis. West African Journal of Medicine, 29(6), 412-416.
Aisien, M. S. O., Braide, E. I., Wagbatsoma, V. A., Edosomwan, E. U., Awharitoma, A. O., & Akogun, O. (2009). Rapid assessment of loiasis in Northern Edo State. Nigerian Journal of Parasitology, 30(1), 32-37.
Adeoye, G. O., Akinsanya, B., Otubanjo, A. O., Ibidapo, C. A., Atalabi, T., Okwuzu, J., Adejai, E.O., & Braide, E.I. (2008). Prevalence of loiasis in Ondo State, Nigeria, as Evaluated by the rapid assessment Procedure for loiasis. Annals of Tropical Medicine & Parasitology, 102, 215 – 227.
Udoidung, N. I., Braide, E. I., Opara, K. N., Atting, I. A., & Adie, H. A. (2008). Current status of bancroftian filariasis in rural communities of the lower Cross River Basin, Nigeria: parasitological and clinical aspects. J. Public health, 16, 383-388.
Udoidung, N. I. G., Braide, E.I., Okpara, K.N., & Adie, H.A. (2007). Perstans Filariasis in rural communities of the lower Cross River Basin, Nigeria: Parasitological observations. International Journal of Zoological Research, 3(4), 207 – 212.
Braide, E. I., Oyene, U. E., Ekpo, U. F., Adie, H. I., Atting, I. A., Okpara, K. N., Udoidung, N. I., Aimankhu, P. I., & Itina, V. I. (2006). Rapid assessment of endemicity of loaisis in Ini and Ibiono Ibom Local Government Areas, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Parasitology, 27, 85-90.
Atting, I., Braide, E.I., Ejezie, G.C., Usip, L. P. E., Okpara, K.N., & Ukpong, I.G. (2006). Seasonal distribution and biting Behaviour of Blackflies,-Simulium damnosum S .L. in a fringe savanna area of Cross River State, Nigeria. Global Jounal of medical sciences, 5(2), 67-68.
Atting, I. A., Braide, E. I., Ejezie, G. C., Opara, K. N., Udoidung, N. I. (2005). Factors affecting the transmission of human onchocerciasis by Simulium damnosum s. l. in a fringe savanna village in Cross River State, Nigeria. Mary Slessor Journal of Medicine, 5(2), 59 – 64
Atting, I. A., Ejezie, G. C., Braide, E. I., Opara, K. N., & Ekwe, A. (2005). Seasonal variations in human onchocerciasis transmission by black flies (Simulium damnosum s. I.) in a forest area of Cross River State, Nigeria. African Journal of Applied Zoology and Environmental Biology, 7, 14 - 18.
Opara, K. N., Udoidung, N. I., Atting, I., Oyene, U. E., Adie, H., Aimankhu, P., Itina, V., & Braide, E. I. (2005). Rapid Epidemiological Mapping of Onchocerciasis (REMO) in Ini and Ibiono Ibom Local Government Areas of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Parasitology, 26, 33 – 36.
Braide, E. I., Ikpeme , B., Edet, E., Atting, I., Ekpo, U. F., Adie, H., Esu, B., & Kale, O. O. (2003). Preliminary investigation of occurrence of lymphatic filariasis in Cross River State, Nigeria, Nigerian Journal of Parasitology, 24, 9 -16.
Takougang, I., Merimekwu, M., Wandji,S., Yenshu, E. V., Arikpo, B., Lamlenn, S.B., Braide, E. I., Enyong, P., Kale, J. M. O., & Jan, R. (2002). Rapid assessment method for prevalenceand intensity of Loa loa infection. Bulletin of World Health Organization, 80(11), ISSN 0042-9686
Udoidung, I. N., Braide, E. I., & Amali, O. (2002). The ecology of fresh water snail Vectors of Schistosomiasis in Cross River State of Nigeria. Journal of Pest, Disease and Vector Management, 4, 231-238.
Homeida, M., Braide, E. I., Elhassan, E., Amazigo, U. V., Liese, B., Benton, B., Noma, M., Etya’ale, D., Dadzie, K.Y., Kale, O.O., & Seketeli, A. (2002). APOC’s strategy of Community Directed Treatment with Ivermectin (CDTI) and it’s potential l for providing additional health services to the poorest populations. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, 96(1), 93-104.
Okon, O. E., Umeche, N., & Braide, E. I. (2000). Seroprevalence of bovine Babesiosis in Calabar, Nigeria. Tropical Veterinarian, 18, 237 – 241.
Okon, O. E., Braide, E.I., Umeche, N., & Ifon, B.T. (1999). The inorganic composition of the adult guinea worm Dracunculus medinensis. Nigerian Journal of Parasitology, 20, 51-53.
Braide E. I., Adesina, F. Obono O., Atting I., & Johnson, M. E. (1999). Influencing Water use habit in guinea worm eradication. The role of health education. Nigerian Journal of Parasitology, 20, 55-63.
Okon, O. E., Braide E. I., & Umeche, N. (1999). Preliminary Studies on the antigen characterization of bovine Babesia speceis. Global Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, 9(1), 54-50.
Etim, S. E., Braide, E. I., Umeche, N., & Akpan, P.A. (1998). Epidemiology of Urinary schistosomiasis in Biase Area council of Cross River State and its implications for control. Nigerian Journal of Parasitology, 19, 77-83.
CairnCross, S., Braide, E. I., Bugri, S. Z. (1996). Community participation in guinea worm eradication “Community participation in the control of tropical diseases” Edited by K. Ruebush 11 and Donald J. Krogstad. Acta Tropica, 61(2), 121 –136.
Braide, E.I., Obono, O.M., (1995). Sustainability in guinea worm eradication. Proceedings of 21st WEDC Conference. Uganda p3 – 5.
Okon, O. E., Braide, E. I., Ekong, R. G., & Itam, I. H. (1992). Transplacental transmission of malaria in Cross River State. Nigeria Journal of Parasitology, 13, 12.
Adeniyi, J.B., Braide, E.I., Edet, E.E., Nwobi, B., & Diaz, A.L. (1992). Health education and community mobilization strategy in Nigeria Guinea worm Eradication Programme (NIGEP) – Guidelines for local programme managers. 47 pp.
Edungbola, L.D., Craig Withers Jnr, Braide, E.I., Kale, O.O., Sadiq, L.O., Nwobi, B.C., Teju, A., Patrick, M., & Hopkins, D.R. (1992). Mobilization strategy for guinea worm eradication in Nigeria. America Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 47(5), 529 – 538.
Braide, E. I., (1991). Targeting women and children for health education in guinea worm eradication. Conference Proceedings on dracunculiasis in Nigeria. Supplementary Publication of the Nigerian Journal of Parasitology, 99, 77 – 74
Ikpeme, E.U., Braide, E.I., & Okon, O. (1991). Paragonomiasis in Cross River State, Nigeria: a preliminary report. Nigerian Journal of Parasitology, 12, 89 – 91.
Braide, E.I., Arikpo B.U., & Ibanga, N.J. (1991). Dracontiasis (guinea worm disease) in Mkpani, Cross River State. Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Parasitology, 12, 65 – 70.
Boxshall, G. A., & Braide, E. I. (1991). The freshwater copepods of Nigeria with an illustrated key to all species. Bulletin of the British Museum of Natural History, 57(2), 185 – 212.
Braide, E. I., Omini, M. E., Ibanga, N. J., & William, E. E. (1991). Herbal treatment of guinea worm disease at Mkpani, Cross River State, Nigeria. The Nigerian Field, 56, 121 – 126.
Braide, E.I., Obono, M. O., & Bassey, S.A. (1990). Community participation in the control of onchocerciasis in Cross River State, Nigeria. Acta Leidensia, 59(1), 427 – 432.
Braide, E.I., Arikpo, B.U., Akpabio, S., Udo, J., & Okeke, A.N., (1989). Knowledge, Attitudes and Practice of the people of Ogoja and Obubra LGAs, Cross River State, with regards to health sanitation, personal hygiene and water use habits. UNICEF Publication.
Iboh, C.I., & Braide, E.I., (1989). The occurrence and distribution of blackflies (Simulium spp) in Yakkur clan of Obubra Local Government Area, Cross River State. Ife Journal of Science, 2, 1-6.
Johnson, M., Atting, I., Boxshall, G.A., & Braide, E.I., (1988 – 1989). Copepod vectors of guinea worm: A review of West African records and a local scale study relevant to eradication programmes. Nigerian Journal of Parasitology, 9-11, 33 – 39.
Onwuliri, C.O.E., Braide, E.I., Anosike, J.C., & Amanefuna, J.C., (1988-1989). Dracontiasis in Bauchi State, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Parasitology, 9-11, 21 – 26.
Braide, E. I., Akpabio, S., & Arikpo, B. U. (1988). Mobilizing women for rural health. Proceedings of the WEDC/WRECA Conference on Water Engineering and Development. Kano, Nigeria. Pp 55 – 58 Ed Alistair Ray.
Edungbola, L.D., Braide, E.I., Nwosu, A.C., Adeyemi, K.S., Arikpo, B.U., Gemade, E.I.I., & Roy. C. de., (1987). Morbidity and impact of guinea worm disease in rice production in Nigeria. Monograph. UNICEF Publication. UNICEF/WATSAN/NIG/GW/2/87.
Braide, E.I., Egbe, E.I., Okoro, J.I., & Inyang, A. (1987). Prevalence and geographical distribution of dracunculiasis (guinea worm disease) in Cross River State, Nigeria. Tropical and Geographical Medicine, 41, 289 – 293.
Ufomadu, G. O., Ekejindu, G. O. C., Braide, E. I., Takahashi, H., Ugomo, K. K., & Tumbau, M. (1986). Histochemical comparison of the microfilariae of Onchocerca guturosa. Veterinarian, 7, 71 – 77.
Ufomadu, G.O., Braide, E.I., Ekejindu, G.O.C., & Ako, J.I (1986). Acid phosphatase staining patterns in the microfilariae of Onchocerca volvulus from the Guinea Savannah of Jos Plateau, Nigeria. Japanese Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 14(4), 273 – 283.
Opara, A., Braide, E.I., & Eko, F. (1985). The bacteriology of open wounds caused by Dracunculiasis medinensis in Mkpani community, Cross River State, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Microbiology, 5(1-2), 52 – 57.
Ezeoke, A.C., Ibanga, N.J., & Braide, E.I. (1985). Congenital malaria at the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital with reference to haemoglobin and immunoglobulin. The Central African Journal of Medicine, 31, 341 – 247.
Ezeoke, A., Okoye, V., & Braide, E.I. (1985). Serum immunoglobulin and esosinophil in patients with onchocerciasis in Akamkpa. Revisita di parasitologia, 11(XLVI), 235 – 261.
Braide, E. I. (1983). Two one act plays. Centaur Press / SBN 978216013.
Braide, E.I. (1981). Evidence of bovine onchocerciasis in Kaduna, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Parasitology, 2(1), 29 – 35.
Braide, E.I. (1981). Human onchocerciasis in Nigeria – a review. Nigerian Journal of Parasitology, 2, 101 – 113.
Ntekim, A., & E. I. Braide, (1981). A preliminary survey of arthropod and helminth parasites of wild rats in Calabar Municipality, Cross River State, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Parasitology, 3(1), 79 – 87.
Braide, E.I., & P.O. Elamah (1981). Parasites of dogs in Calabar Municipality. Research note. Nigerian Journal of Parasitology, 2(1), 98 – 100.
Iwuala, M.O.E., Braide, E.I., & Maduka, N. (1980). Observations on the food habits of some tropical African rodents. Revisita Biologia Tropica, 28(4), 10 – 18.
Braide, E.I., Georgi J.R., & Cupp, E.W. (1980). Bovine onchocerciasis in Tomkins County. New York. Cornell Veterinarian, 71(3), 332 – 335.
Lok, J.B., Cupp, F.W., Braide, E.I., & Bernado, M.J. (1980). Aedes egypti: as a surrogate host of Onchocerca. America Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 29(3), 382 – 298.
Braide, E.I., Ezike, V.I., & Iwuala, M.O.E. (1980). Studies on the occurrence and distribution of human onchocerciasis and black fly vectors (Simulium) spp. In Cross River State, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Parasitology, 1, 62 – 69.
Braide, E.I., & Georgi, J.R. (1974). Number of external leaf crown elements of 18 species of equine Cyathostomes. The Cornell Veterinarian, 64(2), 233 – 239.
Balogun, R. A., & Braide, E. I. (1972). Studies on amino acid pool of liver fluke Fasciola gigantica. Nigerian Journal of Science, 5(2), 191 – 195.

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