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Department of Physics

Welcome Message from The Head of Department- Physics

Welcome to the web portal of the Department of Physics at the University of Calabar, Nigeria. Located on the southeastern coast between Calabar and Kwa Rivers, Calabar is Nigeria’s most tourist-friendly city that, in recent years, is associated with the successful hosting of Africa’s largest and most colourful street party- the Calabar Carnival. Physics has continued to remain the bedrock of all technological achievements including transportation, energy generation, and communication from time immemorial because their basic operating principles are based on the understanding of the natural laws of physics. In Physics Department, we help “ordinary” students to grow and actualize their dreams of becoming world-class professionals when they interact with our team of professional, highly experienced, dedicated and award-winning staff. Our unique student-friendly ambiance and deep commitment to transforming them foist a lasting impression of satisfaction thereby making them happy people for life. 


The Department of Physics and indeed the entire University of Calabar is appropriately sited in a very serene environment that promotes and engenders teaching, learning, skill acquisition, innovative research and discovery. So, our students are trained to gain life-changing experiences and skills in all aspects of Theoretical and Applied Physics. Presently, the Department runs three academic programmes that lead to the award of degrees to successful students by the University of Calabar. These programmes are

  1. B. Sc. Physics
  2. B. Sc. Applied Geophysics
  3. B. Sc. Electronics and Computer Technology

In addition, we have higher degree programmes in many areas of both theoretical and applied Physics. Finally, the Department runs service courses for students from other Departments. Students in each of these programmes are given professional training by a team of highly experienced, committed and awarding-winning staff. A glance at our academic staff profiles in each of these programmes reveals a rare convergence of an array of experts with different fields of specializations, academic achievements, experiences and backgrounds in the Department. Furthermore, the Department is preferentially equipped with high-tech equipment in both the general and research laboratories. Thus, both our students and Alumni have continued to pride themselves as shining models with the theory, application and experience in several discussion, academic and professional fora. 


All members of staff in the Department are very grateful to our ever-increasing Alumni family members that are spread all over the world for their testimonies, accomplishments and their contributions to the development of the Department. Their contributions have not only been very encouraging but also, provide the needed stimulant that drives all staff of the Department to sustain their excellent services to students. 


We appreciate you for spending your precious time touring our web portal. It is our sincere hope that we will meet you or any of your relatives in any of our programmes soon. Should you have any feedback, comment or question, kindly send them to any of our contact channels.


Thank you for visiting our website and best wishes.

Dr Donatus E. Bassey

Head of Department

Course Codes Course Titles Credit Hours

Mission / Vision / Philosophy / Objective



Our vision is to be an internationally recognized Centre of Excellence in Research, Training, and Character Molding necessary for providing students with a cutting-edge knowledge base, while promoting creativity, good citizenship, effective communication, and analytical skills needed in serving humanity as educators, scientists, innovators etc.



Our vision is to be an internationally recognized Centre of Excellence in Research, Training, and Character Molding necessary for providing students with a cutting-edge knowledge base, while promoting creativity, good citizenship, effective communication, and analytical skills needed in serving humanity as educators, scientists, innovators etc.



The B.Sc. (Hons) degree in Physics is conceived on the premise that:

(i)                 it will serve as a vehicle for serious academic learning and research geared towards development from the basic theory of Physics to the beneficial applications of that theory to society, industry and government;

(ii)              it will provide a strong desire to achieve a high level of professionalism and entrepreneurship while maintaining good academic background that will grow into a valuable industry-university relationship.

During lectures, emphasis is placed on identifying and understanding the principles of Physics, while the laboratory practical courses are designed to enhance the understanding of the theoretical concepts which in turn enables and paves the way to technological advancement and other applications of Physics.



The objectives of the Physics Programme are to:

(i)                 develop a curriculum that covers all the contemporary theories and applications of the main aspects of Physics.

(ii)              give laboratory training that makes the students familiar with the principles and methods of scientific decision making, measurement of physical quantities, design, perform, record and analyse results of experiments, as well as appreciate the of various types of experimental errors.

(iii)            equip students with adequate and relevant mathematical tools needed for solving problems in physics and its related sub-disciplines.

(iv)             equip students with rudimentary computer programming skills that will serve as a foundation for them to later become experts in the use of computers (software and hardware) in solving problems in physics and other areas such as the rapidly advancing information and communication technology.

(v)               train students in basic workshops practice so that they acquire the competence in the design, fabrication and repair of some basic mechanical and electronic devices and equipment.

(vi)             produce graduates that would fill the manpower needs in the appropriate areas of the national economy, including renewable energy (e.g. the fossil fuel industry) and non-renewable energy and power (e.g. solar, hydro, wind, nuclear, etc.) and communication sectors for sustainable development with some entrepreneurship urge and skill.

(vii)          produce excellent trainable graduates for further academic work in the teaching and application of concepts in physics and related disciplines.

(viii)        expose the students to modern state-of-the-art technology and industrial practice through the Students Industrial Work Experience Scheme (SIWES), and

(ix)             expose the Department and the Faculty to the outside World through its academic output and research breakthroughs so as to attract adequate funding and to accommodate students desirous of studying core physics.

(x)               train students on the basic principles and practices, and challenges inherent in environmental physics industries so as to serve as informed regulators of physical environment for government agencies and contribute in physics based environmental impact assessment of projects, including helping in environmental education of private and public agencies.


The present University of Calabar was set up as a Campus of the University of Nigeria, Nsukka on October 5, 1973. The Department of Physics was one of the Departments in the Faculty of Science to be established. Others were Biology, Geology, Mathematics, and Chemistry. The academic Programmes then were those of the University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
The pioneer Acting Head of the Department was Chief B. E. Bassey, then a Senior Lecturer in Atmospheric Physics. The only other Lecturers in the Department then were Dr. Z. A. Sheikh and Mr. B. E. Ekpenyong, both in the area of Solid-State Physics. Some pioneer non-academic staff members were Mr. A. J. Iffot, then an Assistant Chief Technologist, Mr. J. B. C. Onyeje, a Technologist, Mr. Chima Nwokocha, a Technologist, Mr. Onwionokor Williams, a Technical Officer, Mrs Patricia Effanga a Chief Typist, Miss B. Ikpeme, the Departmental Secretary, and Mrs Theresa Etuk, a Lab Attendant.
In 1976, the campus became an autonomous University of Calabar with Professor (Chief) E. A. Ayandele as its first Vice-Chancellor. This led to the accelerated development of manpower in terms of recruitment and training, as well as physical infrastructure. For instance, more academic and non-academic staff were employed. The early arrivals were Dr. M. D. Hossain, a Bangladeshi from Oxford University, England, Dr. (now) Prof. A. I. Menkiti, from the University of London, Dr. Bede Asuquo from the University of Los Angeles, USA, and Mr. E. J. Ekpo (transferred from the University Library).
Between 1977 and 1980, other staff like Mr. (later Prof) A. B. Udoimuk, Prof R. Sullivan, an Englishman, Dr. N. Mufti (Pakistani), Dr. M. M. Rahman (Bangladeshi), Mr. D. A. Adutwum (a Ghanaian and Technologist), Dr. V. I. Ezeanyim (late), Mr. S. Udo (Technologist), Mr. F. E. B. Adams (Clerical Officer), Mr. Okokon Okon (Technologist), Dr. (now Professor) E. E. Okwueze (late), Mr. I. E. Ekpeyong (Personal Secretary to HOD), Dr. (later Prof) E. W. Mbipom, were employed.
Between 1981 and 1986, other staff like Mr. (later Dr.) O. E. Okon-Umoren who later resigned, Prof R. Gupta (Indian) Mr. Alfred Inyang, Dr. (now Professor) E. J. Uwah, Mr. (Professor) S. O. Udo, Mr. (now Professor) Ita Akpan, and Mr. Paul Etuk (late) joined the Department to increase the number of academic staff.
Between the late 1980s and 1995 more academic staff were recruited. Some of them include Dr. (now Prof.) M. U. Onuu, Dr. O. N. Etim, Mr. Stanley Etienam-Umoh, Mr. O. E. Eyo, Mr (now Dr.) I. D. Umoren, Mr. (now Prof.) S. O. Inyang, Mrs Esuk Ekanem, Mr. (now Prof.) V. I. Obianwu, Mr. (now Prof.) A. A. Okiwelu, Mr. (later Dr.) Ubon Asuquo (who later left for Canada), Mr. (now Dr.) A. M. George, and Mr. (now Dr.) A. J. Ilozobhie. In 1999, Mr. (now Prof.) Anthony E. Akpan, and Mr. (now Dr.) J. A. Obu was employed. Within this period too, much non-academic staff were employed by the University Management.
Between 1999 and 2000, the number of academic programmes offered in the Departments was increased. The new programmes were, B.Sc. in Applied Geophysics, and B.Sc. in Electronics and Computer Technology. Between 2003 and 2005, a B.Sc. programme in Physical Oceanography was established. Consequently, more academic staff were employed between 2000 and 2016. These include Engr E. O. Ukem, Mrs (now Dr.) F. O. Faithpraise, Mr I. P. Etim, Mr B. E. Usibe, Mr Ebong D. Ebong, Engr (now Dr.) O. J. Ushie and Mr M. O. Charles. Others are Mr Job G. Urang, Engr (now Dr.) D. E. Bassey, Engr (Mrs) (now Dr.) Julie C. Ogbulezie, Mr Daniel E. Oku, Dr E. P. Inyang, Mr P. A. Orim and Mr Stephen O. Ekwe, Ms Eneanwan E. Ekpo, Mr Joseph Amajama, Mr Stephen E. Ekwok, Mr Ibrahim A. Tunde and Mr E. O. Enyinyi, Mr Joseph O. Inok, Mr C. E. Okon, Mr Augustine. U. Agobi, Mr Remigus A. Umunna, Mr L. Obojor-Ogar, and Mr P. O. Okoi. Furthermore, some Technologists, who were already serving in the University, successfully converted their appointments to academic staff in the Department. They include Dr A. O. Akpan (who later transferred his services to the Akwa Ibom State University), Dr R. C. Okoro (now a Professor), the present HOD, Mr (now Dr.) E. O. Obisung and Mr Williams E. Azogor. Furthermore, more academic staff were engaged by the University under Part-Time, Adjunct, Contract and Sabbatical arrangements.