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Department of Physical Oceanography

Welcome Message from The Head of Department- Physical Oceanography


I welcome you to web page of the Department of Physical Oceanography, Faculty of Oceanography at the University of Calabar.


The science of the ocean is comparatively a young discipline in Africa despite the early voyages made by the ocean explorers globally. The University of Calabar is proud to be the first tertiary institution in Nigeria and Africa at large to have the Pioneer Faculty of Oceanography. Our University is sandwiched between two inland drainages, the Great Kwa River in the east and the Calabar River on the west, both discharging into the south equatorial Atlantic Ocean. The University has established a rare reputation as the nation’s pioneer and leading citadel for full-fledged Oceanography training up to doctoral level. Our ocean research and teaching programmes have benefited from the technical support of the Federal Republic of Germany besides the several overseas research grants and fellowships awarded to our scientists and technologists.


The Department of Physical Oceanography offers training programmes leading to the award of degrees in three areas of specialization. These are

i.        B.Sc. Oceanography (Chemical Oceanography)

ii.      B.Sc. Oceanography (Geological Oceanography)

iii.    B.Sc. Oceanography (Physical Oceanography)

Courses are offered leading to the award of B.Sc., M.Sc., M.Sc./Ph.D and Ph.D degrees in the  these three areas of Oceanography. The choice of areas of specialization is influenced by current trends and developments in the global scenario such as marine pollution, sea level dynamics, blue economy, coastal zone management, coastal geomorphology and marine energy teaching and research.


The Departmental staff profile consists of a cream of highly specialized professionals in diverse areas of Oceanography. The focus of the academic programmes are analysing/characterizing the chemical and physical processes of the marine environment towards efficient management and conservation of marine resources, reconstructing ocean history, inventory of economic mineral provinces and geo-hazard vulnerabilities; and visualizing ocean dynamics as a precursor in tackling the multifarious catastrophic phenomena in the oceans.


The undergraduate and postgraduate programmes in the Department are designed to nurture and build a core of ocean scientists that can explore and proffer solutions to localized, regional and global coastal and ocean problems; train globally competitive manpower for ocean science and research institutions and instil ocean-based entrepreneurial competence and resourcefulness in the students.

The establishment of the Marine Atmosphere & Coastal Ocean Research Network group of specialized studies in the Department and Faculty creates opportunities for multidisciplinary research to thrive among indigenous staff and international collaborators between the University and external institutions and organizations. Currently, the department have international collaborations with Mundus maris absl, Belgium; the AtlanOs working Group on Essential Ocean variables, Germany, Hellenic Center for Marine Research, Greece and Partnership for the Observation of the Global Ocean, UK. The Department has a marine station (research base) at Ibeno coastline where staff and students engage in different aspects of marine researches. For coastal surveys and research, the department in collaboration with the Institute of Oceanography jointly operates the Plankton Fischer, donated to the Institute by the Germany Government.

The Department engages in the yearly Ocean Sampling Day and World Ocean activities where field trips and public lectures are organized to create awareness on the importance of ocean to mankind and the need for its conservation and prudent management and sustainability for future generations.

In its nearly a decade of its existence (since 2014), the department has produced great and notable scientists, who are occupying excellent job positions. We have produced a Fellow of The African Academy of Sciences, International Scientific Advisory Board, Member of the World Bank Centre of Excellence on Coastal Resilience and Oceanography at the University of Cape Coast, Ghana and Finance Committee Member of POGO, United Kingdom.

We are glad to have you visit our web page and hope to welcome you on board as you join us as a student or research collaborator or an associate.

Best wishes.

Professor Francis Emile Asuquo JP

Head of Department

Mission / Vision / Philosophy / Objective


To produce high-quality graduates and scholars in focal areas of learning with theoretical, practical and entrepreneurial skills for the world of work in a conducive environment through quality research and teaching.


We envisage being a foremost ocean science training institution producing graduates that will contribute significantly to global ocean development through research.


Students will be exposed to different interrelated fields of ocean sciences and techniques. The major thrust of their training is to understand the complexities of the ocean environment in all its ramifications and the value of a multidisciplinary approach in proffering solutions to a wide range of issues in ocean environmental and resource management and conservation. Graduates of the programme will be assets to national and international establishments with an interest in the ocean environment, especially resource exploration and exploitation, regulatory and monitoring, research and teaching as well as defense and strategic planning.


o   To develop a core of ocean scientists that can explore and proffer solutions to localized, regional and global coastal and ocean problems;

o   To train globally competitive manpower for ocean science and research institutions

o   To instil ocean-based entrepreneurial competence and resourcefulness in the students


The Physical Oceanography Department is one of the three departments in the Faculty of Oceanography established in 2014. It is one of the newly created departments to train marine scientists needed urgently in assessing the deteriorating state of the Nigerian aquatic environment and the burgeoning challenges posed by the global climate change. The Pioneer Head of the Department was Prof. Efiom Edem Antia (2014 – 2020), and is presently headed by Prof. Francis Emile Asuquo (2021 – date).

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Department of Physical Oceanography
University of Calabar
Cross River State

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