Greater reliance on agriculture as the basis for Nigeria's sustainable development in the 1990's and decades ahead is sine qua non .
This is because of the unique role agriculture plays in national development. Agriculture supplies raw materials to many industries.
It acts as foreign exchange earner as well as feeding the teaming population. On this basis, agricultural research and education, which are designed to equip the sector and to provide the needed skilled manpower, have to be encouraged, financed and research findings/information disseminated in order to meet the expected goal.
It is in realization of the above that the Faculty of Agriculture, University of Calabar, was established with the first batch of students in the 1981/82 academic year.
The faculty runs a five-year programme of studies, which prepares students for the degree of Bachelor of Science in Agriculture. In the 1986/87 academic session, the faculty evolved a new curriculum leading to the award of Bachelorof Agriculture (B. Agric.) with a lot of emphasis on practical training. This was in consonance with the need to professionalise Agriculture.
The first three years are devoted to academic training which consists largely of courses required by all students in Agriculture. The fourth year is used solely for practical training.
The final (fifth) year is devoted to specialized training in various options in Agriculture. Projects are also carried out in the respective disciplines.
In 1990, the Faculty had to re-align its courses in order to meet the stipulated NUC minimum academic standards. This has led to the inclusion of new courses, like Forestry and Home Economics.
A new syllabus has been prepared along this line. The minimum number of credit hours required for graduation is 199 comprising complete course work, i.e. a minimum of 163 credit hours 36 credit hours of practical work.