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Dr. Uchenna Egodi Ajake

Assoc Professor
Institute of Education
uajake@unical.edu.ng

Uchenna Egodi Ajake hold a Bachelor’s degree in Home Economics from the University of Uyo-Nigeria, MEd Educational Psychology and PhD Educational Psychology from the University of Calabar, Nigeria. She is an Associate Professor of Educational Psychology in the institute of Education, University of Calabar. She has over 17 years teaching experience. Her research interest cuts across learning motivation, early childhood development, parenting, personality development, higher education and entrepreneurship development. She was part of the team that developed the blue print for the University of Calabar Centre for Entrepreneurship Education (EDC) in 2013. She was the  coordinator of diploma programmes (2011- 2016) and teaching practice (2011 - 2017) and the current coordinator of Graduate School Programmes in the institute of Education.

Ajake, U. E. (2003). Pragmatic approach to teaching of home-economics for acquisition of cognitive skills in Senior Secondary School in Uyo Akwa Ibom State.  Journal of Vocational Education and Information Management (JOVEIM) 1(1). Pp 27-38.

This study was designed to compare the senior secondary      schools student acquisition of cognitive skills based on guided and expository approaches in learning. Three cognitive variables namely: understanding, reasoning and creativity were considered. This study was carried out with 120 senior secondary II (SSII) Food and Nutrition students randomly drawn from four selected schools in Uyo Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom state. Two comparable groups- experimental and control, each having 60 students were used. A concept in Food and Nutrition- “Raising Agent” was selected and taught to the two groups using guided method for the control group. Pre-test was administered before the teaching of the concept and after which, post-test was administered two days after the treatment. The scores from the test were analyzed using t-test statistical analysis of the means at a probability level of 0.05. The findings reveal that the experimental group performed significantly higher than the control group in terms of understanding, reasoning and creativity. This implies that the treatment used on the experimental group is responsible for the difference. It can be inferred that the guided learning approach has influenced the students level of understanding, reasoning and creative abilities in learning of Food and Nutrition in senior secondary schools. Therefore, the study recommends the use of guided-learning approach in the teaching of Home Economics (Food and Nutrition) in senior secondary schools.


Bisong, N.; Edet, P. B. and Ajake, U. E. (2008). Training Professional Counselors for Early Childhood Education. Ekpoma Journal of Behavioral Science. 1(2) pp52-56

This paper examines the need for training professional counselor for early childhood education. It highlights the fact that children need to be stimulated at critical times in their early life, which makes it crucial for the need of counselors to play a leading role at this stage. Theoretical framework that provides a link between the counselors and early childhood education were also examined, and finally the need for training professional counselors and expanding their training programmes in early childhood education were emphasized

Ajake, U. E. and Alozie, Y. E. (2009). Exclusive Breast feeding practices of mothers in Odukpani Local Government Area of Cross River state Nigeria. Journal of Home Economics. 1(1). pp 112-116. 

A survey design was used to determine the level of the practice of exclusive breastfeeding, problems and benefits associated with the exclusive breastfeeding by mothers in Odukpani Local Government Area of Cross River state. Four research questions were formulated for the purpose of this study. One hundred and forty nursing mothers used for this study were selected from the Local Government Primary health care centre, Odukpani. Structured questionnaire was used to obtain information from the subjects on socioeconomic background, general information, knowledge and practice of exclusive breastfeeding. Data were analyzed using frequency counts and percentages. Result obtained showed that only few mothers (23%) practice exclusive breastfeeding while 66.4% were knowledgeable about the duration of exclusive breastfeeding. Most of the mothers were not aware of exclusive breastfeeding in the area. The awareness was low. It is recommended that efforts must be intensified in the area of nutrition education with emphasis on the advantages and/or benefits of exclusive breastfeeding. The practice of exclusive breastfeeding was found to be influence by factors such as education, personal conviction and antenatal attendance. Nutrition education with emphasis on the advantages and/or benefits of exclusive breastfeeding is recommended to raise awareness thus the practice of exclusive breastfeeding


Ajake, U. E., Etuk, G. R. and Omori, A. E (2010). Child Rearing Styles and Brutal Behavior Among Senior Secondary School Students in Cross River State. The Calabar counselor (CALJOCAN) Journal of Counseling Association of Nigeria. 4 (4) pp 162-168.

The research investigated the influence of child rearing style and delinquency (brutal behavior) of senior secondary school students in southern Cross River state. One hypothesis was tested using One Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). Six hundred (600) senior secondary III students were used for the study. The instrument for data collection was questionnaire captioned Child Rearing Questionnaire (CRQ) and students Brutal Behavior Questionnaire (SBBQ). Three dimensions of child rearing style were investigated. Also one of aspects of delinquent behavior (brutal behavior) was also investigated. The result showed that the three child rearing styles; democratic, autocratic and laissez-faire have a significant influence on students’ brutal behavior. Adolescents reared with autocratic and laissez-faire styles were more involved in brutal behavior. Based on the findings, some recommendations were made regarding, the creation of awareness among parents, teachers and various arms of government as regards the influence of child rearing styles and tendencies to brutal behavior


Essien M .I. E; Ajake U. E & Ojini., R. E. (2010). Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Availability, Access, Utilization as Instigators of School Climate Change. Nigerian Journal of Educational Administration and planning. 10(3) pp39-52.

The survey design was adopted and three hypothesis were formulated to guide the study. The instrument developed for the study was ICT availability, access utilization school climate change Questionnaire (ICTAAUSCCQ). The sample was one thousand (1000) students randomly selected from a population of eight thousand, one hundred and forty one students from accredited universities in the south-south zone of Nigerian. The data obtained were analyzed using Pearson’s product moment correlation analysis. The results revealed positive significant relationship between availability, accessibility and utilization on school climate change. Based on the findings the following recommendations among others were made: The federal and state governments should partner with Microsoft company to provide computers to universities. ICT infrastructures should be provided in the universities to ensure 24 hours internet connectivity on campuses. Internet literacy should be made a compulsory course for teacher education, pre-service teachers, incumbent teachers and students curricular should be reversed to ensure computer assisted lessons and soft wares should be created to fit various courses


Ajake U. E; O. P Bisong N. N; Etuk G. R (2011) Influence of Emotional Abuse on self-concept of senior secondary school students in Cross River State-Nigeria. Global Journal of Educational research 10, (2). pp110-120

Survey data collected from 2,000 senior secondary two (SS11) students in Cross River state. Nigeria were analyzed to determine the influence of emotional abuse on the self concept of the students. One aspect of child abuse (emotional abuse) and five dimensions of self concept (social self-concept) physical self concept, moral self concept, financial concept and family self-concept were considered in the study. One way analysis of Variance was used in testing the hypothesis at 0.05 alpha levels. The result obtained showed a significant negative influence of emotional abuse on the student self concept in terms of social self, physical-self moral self, family self and financial self-concept respectively.

Essien M. I; Ajake U. E & Ojini B. A. (2011). Information and Communication Technology: accessibility, utilization and teaching effectiveness in south-south zone of Nigeria. Education for Today Journal of Faculty of Education 7(1), pp275-285 .

The study investigated the influence of accessibility and utilization of ICT on teaching effectiveness in four(4) universities in the south-south zone of Nigeria. Two hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. Stratified random sampling technique was used for selecting sample size. Survey research design was adopted. A sample of five hundred (500) lecturers was randomly selected for the study. The instrument for data collection was a four point Likert-scale questionnaire Accessibility, utilization teaching effectiveness questionnaire (AUTEQ). Data obtained were analyzed using Pearson product moment correlation. The hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance.  The result of the analysis revealed that ICT accessibility has a significant influence on lecturers’ teaching effectiveness. Utilization of ICT has a significant negative influence on university lecturers’ teaching effectiveness. Based on the findings the following recommendations among others were made: Fully equipped ICT centre should be made available and accessible to all lecturers and students by the proprietors of universities. The university lecturers should make effort to attend computer school to update their skills in computer and internet utilization; government should provide adequate internal ICT network to lecturers’ offices to facilitate access to internet services.


Amalu, M. N.  Ajake U. E & Ihejiamaizu, C. C. (2012). Stress from role conflict: Consequences for professional effectiveness of secondary school teachers in Cross River State, Nigeria. Global Journal of Education Research. 11 (1) pp 37-47.

An ex-post facto data collected from 600 teachers and 2400 senior secondary two students from Cross River State were analysed to determine the influence of stress arising from role conflict on professional effectiveness. One hypothesis was tested using One-Way Analysis of Variance. The result of the data analyses showed that stress arising from role conflict has a significant influence on professional effectiveness (Classroom management and supervision of co-curricular activities). Teachers who experience low level of stress are more effective than those who experience moderate and high level of stress. Based on the finding, some recommendations were made.


Ajake, U. E., Amalu, M. N. & Ekpa, U. O. (2013). Prevalence of child abuse among senior secondary school students in Cross River State, Nigeria. International Journal of Research and Lifelong Education. 3 (1&2) pp 9-16.

The study sought to determine the prevalence of child abuse among senior secondary school students in Cross River State, Nigeria. Survey research design was adopted in carrying out the study. The sample size consisted of two thousand (2000) senior secondary two students. The instrument for data collection was questionnaire captioned Child Abuse Questionnaire (CAQ). Four dimensions of child abuse were investigated. This includes physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse and child neglect. Simple percentages were used for the data analysis. The results obtained showed a high prevalence of child abuse in Cross River State, Nigeria.


Ajake, U. E. & Kalu, E. C. (2014) Family socio-economic status and social adjustment of adolescent students of southern senatorial district of Cross River State, Nigeria. International Journal of Research and Lifelong Education. 4(1).  pp 54-59.

The study investigated the influence of family socio-economic status on the social adjustment of adolescent students of Southern Senatorial district of Cross River State, Nigeria. It was an ex-post facto research; the population of the study was 9378 which constitutes adolescents in 64 public junior secondary schools (JSS 1-3). Using stratified random sampling technique, 454 students were drawn for the study. The instrument for data collection was a questionnaire. For data analysis, One-Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was used for testing the hypothesis at 0.05 alpha level. The result of the analysis showed that family socio-economic status does not significantly influence students’ social adjustment. Based on the findings, recommendations were made. 


Oba, A. N. & Ajake, U. E. (2014) Deviant behavior and academic performance of SS1 male students in Northern Cross River, Nigeria. International Journal of Research in Basic and Lifelong Education. 4(1). pp 193-199

The study was designed to determine the influence of deviant behaviour on academic performance of SS1 male students in Northern Cross River State. In order to achieve this objective, a survey design was used for the study. The sample for the study consisted of four hundred (400) SS1 male students. Two instruments were used to collect data. They were questionnaire and a comprehensive achievement test. The data collected were analysed using the One-Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). The study revealed that deviant behaviour has no influence on academic performance of SS1 students in mathematics but has a significant influence on their performance in English and Biology. Based on the findings, recommendations were made.

 


Oba, A. N & Ajake U. E. (2014). The prevalence of Indiscipline behavior among primary school pupils in Calabar Education Zone of Cross River State, Nigeria: Psychological implications for development. Education for Today. 10 (2014), pp 106-113.

This paper seeks to find out the prevalence of indiscipline behaviors among primary school pupils in the southern senatorial district of Cross River State. The survey research design was adopted. Sample size consists of 360 primary school pupils randomly selected from 15 schools in Akpabuyo, Calabar South and Calabar Municipality Local Government Areas in the Southern Senatorial District of Cross River State. The instrument for data collection was captioned Pupils’ Self Rating Inventory on Indiscipline Behavior (PSRIIB). Descriptive statistics were used to analyse the data. The result obtained shows that there exist higher prevalence in truancy, lying, fighting, cheating, and noise-making. However, lower prevalence was observed in aggressive tendencies. Based on the findings, recommendations were made


Oba, A. N & Ajake U. E. (2014). The prevalence of Indiscipline behavior among primary school pupils in Calabar Education Zone of Cross River State, Nigeria: Psychological implications for development. Education for Today. 10 (2014), pp 106-113. 

This paper seeks to find out the prevalence of indiscipline behaviors among primary school pupils in the southern senatorial district of Cross River State. The survey research design was adopted. Sample size consists of 360 primary school pupils randomly selected from 15 schools in Akpabuyo, Calabar South and Calabar Municipality Local Government Areas in the Southern Senatorial District of Cross River State. The instrument for data collection was captioned Pupils’ Self Rating Inventory on Indiscipline Behavior (PSRIIB). Descriptive statistics were used to analyse the data. The result obtained shows that there exist higher prevalence in truancy, lying, fighting, cheating, and noise-making. However, lower prevalence was observed in aggressive tendencies. Based on the findings, recommendations were made.


Ajake, U. E. A. J. Isangedighi & Asuquo P. N. (2014). Parental involvement and learning outcome: A perspective of home factor in productive child education. GOUNI Journal of Management and Social Science 2 (4). pp 27-34.

Survey data collected from one thousand primary school children in Calabar metropolis were analysed to determine the extent of parental involvement at home and its influence on their learning outcome. One research question and one hypothesis were formulated to guide the study. The instrument for data collection was captioned Pupils Opinion and Achievement Test questionnaire (POATQ). Simple percentage, frequency and bar chart were used in answering the research question while the independent t-test was used in testing the hypothesis at 0.05 alpha level. The result obtained showed high parental involvement at home. The result also revealed that there is a significant influence of parental involvement on the learning outcome of the pupils. This implies that the high level of parental involvement led to higher achievement scores.  Based on the findings it was recommended that for a sustained productive learning outcome, parents are encouraged to be actively involved in every sphere of their children’s education for all round development. 


Ajake, U. E. & Orieke, R. K. (2015). Locus of control, introversion-extroversion and achievement motivation of senior secondary school students in southern education zone of Cross River State, Nigeria. GOUNI Journal of Management and Social Science 3 (1). pp 53-61

The study examined locus of control (external and internal), introversion-extroversion and its influence on achievement motivation of senior secondary school students in Southern Education zone of Cross River State- Nigeria. The ex-post facto design was used. The population comprised all the public senior secondary school students in the zone. The stratified random sampling technique was used in this study. A total of six hundred (600) subjects (300 males and 300 females) were selected from twelve schools for the study. Data was generated through a well-structured and validated questionnaire captioned “Students’ Locus of Control, Introversion-Extroversion and Achievement Motivation Scale” (SLCIEAMS). Independent t-test was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The result of the analysis showed that locus of control and introversion-extroversion significantly influenced achievement motivation of senior secondary school students.  Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that teachers should treat and handle the students equally, giving room for individual differences. Teachers should also learn to appreciate the students’ peculiar personality characteristics and help them especially as regards introverts and extroverts.


Ajake, U. E. (2016) Insecurity, school attendance and co-curricular activities among senior secondary school student in Jimeta-Yola, Adamawa State: Implication for personality development. The Nigerian Educational Psychologist. 14 (1). pp 1-14.

The study sought to determine the influence of insecurity on school attendance and co-curricular activities among senior secondary school students in Jimeta-Yola, Adamawa state, Nigeria. Survey data collected from 400 senior secondary school students were analyzed to determine the extent to which insecurity influence their school attendance and level of involvement in co-curricular activities. The instrument captioned Insecurity, School Attendance and Co-curricular activity Questionnaire (ISACAQ) was used. Descriptive statistics was used in answering the research question, One-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Simple regression analysis was used in testing the hypotheses at .05 alpha level. The result showed high level of insecurity, poor school attendance and low involvement in co-curricular activities. The result revealed high rate of insecurity. Also, insecurity has significant influence on school attendance and involvement in co-curricular activities among students in the area. Based on the findings, recommendations were made among others that Federal Government should do all within its reach to eradicate insecurity in Nigeria. This can be achieved through the inclusion and articulation of peace and security education into our school curriculum at all levels.


Ajake, U. E; Isangedighi, A. J. & Bisong, N. N. (2008). Parental Child Rearing style and student dishonest Behavior Medwell Journals the social science 3(7), 525-527. Scopus, ASCI+ACR, MedLit.

The study was aimed at determining the influence of child rearing styles on the manifestation of dishonest behavior among senior secondary school students in Southern Cross River state Nigeria. Sample of 600 senior secondary III students (300 males and 300 females) were used for the study. The subject ranged from 12 years of age to 21 years. The child rearing Questionnaire (CRQ) developed by the researchers was used for data collection. The Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) statistics was used in testing the study hypothesis at 0.05 levels of significance. The result of data analysis showed that child rearing style has significant a influence on the three aspect of dishonest behavior namely lying, stealing, and truancy. Students reared with autocratic and laissez faire rearing style manifest greater degree of dishonest behaviors than those from democratic homes. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that parents should adopt more of the democratic child rearing style than either autocratic or laissez faire rearing style in the up bring of their sons and daughters.


Bisong, N.; Ekuri, P. & Ajake, U. E (2008). Professional Women’s Adjustment patterns towards spouses.  Attitude to their jobs. Journal of social sciences. 5(8).751-754, MedLit , Scopus, ASCI+ACR

The survey research design was used to measure professional women’s adjustment strategies to their spouses’ attitude towards their job and examine how they cope with punctuality to their work. Two null hypotheses were also formulated, using a stratified random sample of 450 professional women. A survey questionnaire was designed to elicit responses from the respondents on how they cope with their spouses’ attitude to their job and how the cope with punctuality to their jobs. Result of the analysis reveals that the majority of the women choose to explain their job circumstances to their husbands and discuss the nature and reason for overtime. With regards to punctuality, they make preparations at night for the next day. Furthermore, the result on differences in adjustment patterns reveal that professional women in the banking sector adjust better to spouses’ attitude than their colleagues in the other sectors under study, while the professional women in the government ministries and schools adjust better with regards to punctuality to work. Base on the findings, it was recommended that sectors where professional women exhibit lower adjustment capacity, policies should be released to facilitate their balancing between their work and home 


Ajake, U. E; Isangedighi, A. J & Bisong, N. N. (2009). Child rearing styles, sexual practices and drug abuse among senior secondary school in Cross River state Nigeria. Medwell Journals the social sciences: 4(1).71-75. MedLit, Scopus, ASCI+ACR 

Survey data collected from 600 senior secondary school III students from southern Cross River state were analyzed to determine the influence of child rearing style on premarital sexual practices and drug abuse. Two hypotheses were tested using One Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). The result of the data analysis showed that child rearing style (democratic, autocratic and laissez faire) has a significant influence on premarital sexual practices and drug abuse. Adolescents reared with autocratic and laissez- faire styles were more involved in premarital sexual practices and drug abuse than those from democratic homes. Based on the findings, some recommendations were made.


Isangedighi, A.J, Ajake, U. E & Bisong, N.N. (2009). Child abuse and Emotional stability among Senior Secondary School Students in Cross River State Nigeria. Lwati A Journal of Contemporary Research 6(1). 16-25. Google Scholar (Swaziland)

Survey data collected from 2,000 senior secondary II (SSII) students in Cross River state Nigeria were analyzed to determine the influence of child abuse on later emotional stability of the individual. Four dimensions of child abuse namely; physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse and child neglect were considered in the study. One Way Analysis of Variance was used in testing the hypothesis at 0.05 Alpha levels. The result obtained showed a significant influence of child abuse on the individual later emotional stability.


Ajake, U. E; Amalu, M. N & Eloma, U. E. (2009). Child rearing styles and Examination Malpractices among Senior Secondary School Students in Southern Cross River State Nigeria. International Journal of Higher Education Research (IJHER) 4(1). 153-160

This study investigates the influence of child rearing styles and tendencies towards examination malpractices among senior secondary school students in southern Cross River state Nigeria. One hypothesis was tested using One Way Analysis of Variance respectively. A total number of 600 senior secondary III (SSIII) students were used for the study. Random sampling procedure was used in sample selection. The instrument for data collection was questionnaire captioned Child Rearing Questionnaire (CRQ) and Students Examination Malpractices Questionnaire (SEMQ). Three dimensions of child rearing styles were investigated. These includes Democratic, Autocratic and Laissez-Faire rearing styles respectively have a significant influence on the students tendencies to examination malpractices. Students reared with autocratic and laissez faire rearing styles has more tendencies towards examination malpractices than those from democratic homes. Based on the findings, some recommendations were made regarding the creation of awareness among parents, teachers and various arms of government as regards to the influence of child rearing styles and tendencies to examination malpractices.


Ajake, U. E, Bisong, N. N. & Jamabo A. (2009). Relationship between child abuse and the trait of Introversion- Extroversion among Senior Secondary School Students in Cross River State Nigeria. Annals of Modern Education 1(1) pp122-127. Google Scholar.

Survey data collected from 2,000 senior secondary II (SSII) students in Cross River state Nigeria were analyzed to determine the influence of child abuse and the trait of introversion-extroversion among senior secondary school students. Four dimensions of child abuse- physical abuse, sexual and emotional abuse as well as child neglect were studied. Contingency Chi-square (X2) was used in testing the hypothesis for introversion-extroversion characteristics among senior secondary school students at 0.05 alpha levels of significance. The result obtained showed a significant influence of child abuse on introversion-extroversion characteristics among senior secondary school students in the study area. Students who were abuse are more likely to become introverts than those not abused.


Jamabo, A; Jamabo, T. A. & Ajake U. E. (2010). A comparative study of ability to perceive assimilations of Mainstream and High risk Students. A Journal of International Diversity (1), 63-68. EBSCOhost.

The study investigated if academically high risk students differed from their mainstream  counterparts in perception of assimilation of junior secondary II students in River State of Nigeria. The study utilized the ex-post-facto research design. The null Hypothesis formulated at 0.05 level of significance was tested  using the independent t- Test. The research instrument used for data collection was captioned Perceptual Organization Visual Batter Test (POVBT), administered on 1240 subjects selected through the stratified random sampling technique. Result showed that there was a significant difference between mainstream students and high risk students in their perception of assimilation. The implications of the findings were also discussed and conclusions reached. 


Ajake U. E; Ukpong E. M; & Jamabo A. (2011). Sexual Abuse and self-concept among senior secondary school students in Cross River State, Nigeria. Annals of Modern Education 3(1) pp 10-19. Google Scholar.

Survey data collected from 2000 Senior Secondary two (SS11) students in  Cross River State, Nigeria were analyzed to determine the influence of sexual abuse on the self concept of the students. one dimension of child abuse(sexual abuse) and five dimension of self concept(such as social self concept),physical self-concept) were considered in the study. One way analysis was used in testing the hypothesis at 0.05 alpha levels. The result obtained showed the significant   negative influence of sexual abuse on the students self concept in terms of their social- self, physical- self ,moral- self, family- self ,and financial self-concept respectively. 


Ajake U. E; Essien M. I & Omori A. E (2011). Sustainable Development in Higher Education: current practice and future Development: A case study of university of Calabar. African Higher Education Review (AHER) 4 (2011)pp87-110.

The study highlights the Nigerian Universities new sustainable development strategies: emphasizes the role that entrepreneurship education can play in both raising awareness among young people about sustainable development and giving them the skills to put sustainable development into practice. It places priority on the development of sustainability as “core competence” among graduates especially in this era of unemployment in our country Nigeria. It taps its motivation from the fact that many Nigerians are becoming worried about youth unemployment. There is therefore need for the improvement of our University curriculum to meet the global challenges of wealth creation. The cardinal objective of this reform is enhanced through human capital resources development, which in turn will impact positively on growth and thus bring about reduction in poverty. There is therefore, need to develop strategies on how to create new employment opportunities and encourage technically skilled workers to develop entrepreneurship skills and be creative in their own employment. The population for this study was one thousand (1000) undergraduates in the University of Calabar. This paper is a case study of the University of Calabar. Thus, it reviewed the curriculum in University of Calabar and advocates the inclusion of entrepreneurship education in all Faculties as a means of sustainable development in Higher Education in Nigeria. The study investigated access to entrepreneurship education in University of Calabar from 2005-2010 sessions. The study also sought to find current level of production and enrolment in entrepreneurship education in all the faculties. Three research questions were drawn to direct the study. The study revealed that University of Calabar began offering entrepreneurship studies as a general course (GSS) following NUC’S mandate in 2007. However, the emphasis was in theory and not practice. The study also showed very poor attitude towards entrepreneurship education on the part of the students since emphasis is more on theory than practice. There were no entrepreneurship centre for practical, no skilled manpower, thus the awareness was very low and poor. Recommendations includes that the management of University of Calabar should set a massive enlightenment campaign to popularize the subject. 


Omori A. E; Akpama S. I. & Ajake U. E (2012). Investing in Education of Women: A Determinant for effective Environmental Management. The international Journal of Diversity in organization, community and nations. 11 (4) pp 1-9.EBSCOhost

At the heart of achieving gender equality is the education of girls and women, and the removal of barriers to education and opportunities for their advancement. Research demonstrates that investment in women, and more specifically women’s education, has numerous positive effects on not only the women, but also her family and the entire nation. These outcomes not only improve the quality of life of women and their families, but also combat poverty and foster positive environmental actions in their lives. Therefore, this study investigated the extent to which women’s education, formal and non-formal education; determine effective environmental management in the Cross River State of Nigeria. To achieve the aim of this study, two null hypotheses were posited and tested at a 0.05 level of significance using independent t-test analysis. A well validated 20 item questionnaire instrument was designed using a Likert scale model and administered to a randomized sample population of two hundred respondents comprised of women and girls that have attained formal and non-formal education, respectively. The results of the analysis show that women’s education, formal and non-formal, significantly determines effective environmental management. This implies that economic benefits of addressing and reducing barriers to women’s education and engagement in environmental conservation can be sustainable.

 


Amalu Melvina N, Ajake U. E, & Isangedighi A. J. (2012). Teachers’ Perception of job environment and professional effectiveness of secondary school teachers in Cross River State-Nigeria.  LWATI: a journal of contemporary research 9 (2) pp 41-48. Google Scholar 

A survey data collected from 600 secondary school teachers and 2400 senior secondary school students from 60 out of the 230 public secondary schools in Cross River State were analyzed to determine the influence of teachers perception of job environment on their lesson presentation, use of instructional aids, classroom management, evaluation of students, learning motivation, supervision of co-curricular activities, professional and personal qualities. The result of the data analyses showed that the job environment has a significant influence on 3 dimensions. (lesson presentation, classroom management and evaluation of students) of professional effectiveness. Based on the findings, some recommendations have made.


Ihejiamaizu C. C, Ajake U. E, & Meremikwu A. N (2012)  Effectiveness  of reproductive health education on undergraduate students attitude towards family planning in South-south  Nigeria.  Journal of Education and Practice.  3(16) pp 75-79.  Copernicus, Google scholar, PKP open archives, SCI-Edge.

This paper focuses on the effectiveness of reproductive health education on undergraduate students’ attitude towards family planning in South-South Nigeria. Quasi experimental research design involving pre-test – post-test of test experimental and control groups were used and 400 year one undergraduate students formed the subjects of the study. Literature relevant to the study was reviewed. Treatment with the use of reproductive health education package was given to the experimental group for one semester while the control group followed the normal existing curriculum. Four Point Likert type scale titled Students’ Family Planning Attitude Questionnaire (SFPAQ) was used for data collection. Analysis of covariance statistics was used to analyse the data collected. The result showed that the reproductive health education package was highly effective in improving undergraduate students’ family planning attitude. Recommendations were made based on the finding.


Etuk, G. R., Ering, S. O. & Ajake, U. E. (2012). Nigeria’s universal basic education (U.B.E.): A sociological analysis. American International Journal of Contemporary Research 2 (2). Pp. 179-183. Copernicus, EBSCO host, ULRICH’S Periodical, DOAJ

Nigeria’s education policy is one of the social policies of government used in strengthening and improving the wellbeing of her citizens. Since after independence in 1960, successive governments have not relented in efforts to improve the quality of the nation’s education system via education policies. This is evident in the most recent national policy on educational of 2004, which is just an improvement upon that of 1998. A look at the current educational policy shows that it covers the following areas; pre-primary education, primary education, secondary education, tertiary education, mass literacy, adult and non-formal education, special education, educational services as well as financing administration, and supervision of education. A special feature of this current educational policy is however the modification of the 6-3-3-4 system of education into a 9-3-4 system and the Universal Basic Education, which caters for educational needs of individual within the first 9 years. This paper is a descriptive research that attempts to critically analyze from a Sociological perspective, the Universal Basic Education (UBE) aspect of the reviewed Nigeria’s Policy on Education of 2004.


Ihejiamaizu C. C, Ajake U. E & Amalu M. N. (2013). Influence of reproductive health unit of instruction on undergraduate students’ sexuality in south-south Nigeria. LWATI: A Journal of Contemporary Research  10(1). pp 159-166.

This study investigated the influence of Reproductive Health Unit of Instruction (RHUI) on undergraduate students’ sexuality in south-south Geopolitical zone of Nigeria. Quasi-experimental research design involving pretest-post-test of experimental and control groups was used for the study. A total of four (400) subjects formed the sample of the study. A well validated instrument-Undergraduate Students’ Sexuality Questionnaire (USSQ) was used to collect data.  Treatment with the use of RHUI was given to the experimental group for one semester while the control group followed the normal existing curriculum. Analysis of Covariance Statistics (ANCOVA) was used to analyse the data collected. The result showed that the RHUI significantly improved undergraduate students’ sexuality. Based on the findings, conclusions were drawn and recommendation for inclusion of RHUI in year one undergraduate students’ curriculum with modification in the programming and implementation of the curriculum in response to broader needs of young people were made.


Ajake U. E, & Ekpo T. E. (2013). Birth order and delinquency among senior secondary school student in Calabar South, Cross River State. LWATI: A Journal of Contemporary Research 10(1), pp 22-29. 

This study was aimed at investigating the influence of birth order on delinquency among senior secondary school students in Calabar south.  Cross river state, Nigeria. It was a survey research, as such the population used was 2640 senior secondary students using simple random sampling techniques, and 600 students were drawn for the study. For data analysis, one way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used for testing the hypothesis. The result of the analysis showed that first born children are more delinquent than later born children. Based on the findings, recommendations were made.


Ekpo, T. E. & Ajake, U. E. (2013) Family socio-economic status and delinquency among senor secondary school students in Calabar South, Cross River, Nigeria. American International Journal of Contemporary Research. 3(4) pp 83-88. Ulrichsweb, EBSCOhost

Survey data collected from 2,000 Senior Secondary Two Students (SS II) in Cross River State, Nigeria were analysed to determine the influence of child abuse on  the students’ locus of control. Four dimensions of child abuse such as: Physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse and child neglect were considered in the study. Contingency chi-square (X2 ) was used to determine the influence of child abuse on students’ locus of control at 0.05 Alpha levels. The result obtained showed a significant influence of child abuse on students’ locus of control. In  other words, more students with high level of abuse were externally controlled  than expected. Based on the finding, recommendations were made.

 


Oba, A.N., Ajake, U.E .& Obinda, F. (2013) Leadership roles and deviant behavior among female secondary school students. American International Journal of Contemporary Research .3 (8). pp 136-139. Copernicus, EBSCO host, ULRICH’S Periodical, DOAJ

The study was designed to determine the influence of leadership role on deviant behavior with respect to destructive practices and truancy among female students in southern Cross River State, Nigeria. The survey design was used for this study. The Student Self Report Inventory (SSRI) questionnaire was used to collect data. The sample for this study consisted of four hundred (400) SS111 female students. The data collected were statistically analyzed using the independent t –test. The findings revealed that female students who play leadership role involve themselves in destructive practices more than female students who do not play leadership role. The findings also revealed that female students who do not play leadership role involve themselves in truancy more than students with leadership role. Based on the findings, it was recommended that school authority should be able to detect early misbehavior and help the child while he is still receptive to treatment than he will be later


Ajake, U. E., Essien, M. I. & Omori, A. E. (2013) Child abuse and locus of control among senior secondary school students in Cross River state. Journal of Education and Human Development 2(2), pp 36-41. DOAJ, EBSCO, Scientific Index, Journal Seek, J-Gate, Cabell’s Informatics.

Survey data collected from 2,000 Senior Secondary Two Students (SS II) in Cross River State, Nigeria were analysed to determine the influence of child abuse on the students’ locus of control. Four dimensions of child abuse such as: Physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse and child neglect were considered in the study. Contingency chi-square (X2 ) was used to determine the influence of child abuse on students’ locus of control at 0.05 Alpha levels. The result obtained showed a significant influence of child abuse on students’ locus of control. In other words, more students with high level of abuse were externally controlled than expected. Based on the finding, recommendations were made.


Ajake, U. E., Isangedeghi, A. J. & Oba, A. N.  (2014) Mentorship and University Lecturers’ Professional Growth: Implication for Sustainable Educational Development in South South Nigeria. 58thYear book of International Council on Education for Teaching. pp 14-23. Google Scholar

Survey data collected from 1132 university lecturers in south-south zone of Nigeria were analyzed to determine the influence of mentoring on their professional growth. The subjects 673 males and 459 females were selected using the stratified random sampling technique. In the study, one question was answered using simple percentages and one null hypothesis tested using the Independent t-test. The findings showed that 63.8% of the subjects had the opportunity of being mentored professionally, while 36.2%percent have never been mentored. The findings have also revealed among others, that mentoring has a significant influence on lecturer’s growth in the area of conference attendance, publications, community service and research orientation. However, mentoring had no significant influence on the total publications of lecturers. It is been recommended among others, that as an effort to facilitate sustainable educational development in south-south zone of Nigeria, academic mentoring should be institutionalized in the university system.

 


Ajake, U. E., C. C. Ihejiamaizu & Oba, A. N. (2014). Physical abuse and self concept of senior secondary school students in Cross River State. International Journal for Cross Disciplinary Subjects in Education 5(1), pp 1577-1583.

Survey data collected from 2,000 senior secondary school two (ss2) students in Cross-River State, Nigeria were analysed to determine the influence of child physical abuse on their selfconcept (such as social self-concept, physical selfconcept, moral self-concept, financial self-concept and family self-concept) were considered in the study. One Way Analysis of Variance was used for data analysis and the hypothesis was tested at 0.05 alpha level. The result obtained showed a significant negative influence of physical abuse on the student’s self-concept in terms of the social self, physical self, moral self, family self and financial self-concept respectively.


Ajake, U. E., Oba A. N. & Ekpo, T. E. (2014) Enriching higher education curriculum to meet the challenges of 21st century in Nigeria. Journal of Educational and Social Science Research 4(3) pp 21-30. EBSCO, DOAJ - Directory of Open Access Journal

The  right  to  education  means  educational  opportunity  must be  both  equal  and  universal.  Throughout  its  existence,  member  state  of  UNESCO  has  sought  to  expand   the  reach  of  educational  services  and  improve  their  quality.  Its commitment to innovation, notably through the use of technology, is equally longstanding. Educational progress in many developing countries like Nigeria faces a severe double bind.  This opposing trend puts intolerable pressure on Nigerian’s educational system.  Traditional expansion on educational system will be impossible, so there is need for enriching the higher education curriculum to meet with the twenty-first century challenges through new resources such as skill acquisition, innovation, creativity and new methods. Impressive advance in technology over the past few years provide new hope that technological solutions, innovation and  creativity  intelligently  applied,  can  allow  greater  access,  higher  quality  and  low  cost  per  learner.  This paper seeks to provide ways through which skill acquisition, innovation, creativity and technological tools can better contribute to educational goals. It looks at how technology can promote improvement in reach and delivery, content, learning outcomes, teaching and pertinence.  It  is  a  contribution  to  global  reflection  on  how   to  make  learning  throughout  life  a  reality  through  the  enriching  of higher education curriculum to meet these challenges.


Ajake, U. E., Oden, S. N. & Bisong, N. N. (2014). Influence of child neglect on self concept of senior secondary school students in Cross River State. Nigeria. Journal of Educational and Social Science Research 4(3). pp 239-244.EBSCO, DOAJ - Directory of Open Access Journal.

This  study  was  to  determine  the  influence  of  child  neglect  on  the  self  concept  of       senior  secondary  school  students  in  Cross  River  State,  Nigeria.  The research design  was survey design.  The  sample  size  consisted  of  two  thousand  (2000)  senior  secondary  two  (SS  II)  students.  The instrument  for  data collection  was   questionnaire  captioned  Child  Neglect  Questionnaire  (CNQ) and Students Self-concept Questionnaire (SSCQ). One Way Analysis of Variance was used for data  analysis and the hypothesis was tested at 0.05 alpha level.  The result obtained showed a   significant negative influence of child neglect on the self- concept (in terms of physical     self, social self, moral self, financial self and family self) respectively. 


Ajake, U. E., Isangedeghi, A. J. & Ekuri, E. E, (2015) Researches for Innovation: Practices and Challenges in Nigerian Universities. 59th Year book of International Council on Education for Teaching. pp 14-23.

Survey data collected from 669 university lecturers in south-south zone of Nigeria were analysed to determine the extent of innovative research practices and the challenges encountered. The subjects, 394 males and 275 females were selected using the stratified random sampling technique. Three research questions were answered using descriptive statistics. The findings revealed that a high percentage of university lecturers have poor research orientation as their research efforts and publications were more for promotion purposes and lies for solution of immediate existing problems. The study also revealed that although most of the lecturers had several publications, their efforts at publication are limited by challenges such as poorly equipped libraries, inadequate power supply, lack of functional internet connectivity and inadequate access to research funding. It was recommended among others, that any effort to facilitate innovative research among university academics in south-south zone of Nigeria, should be directed at their proper re-orientation, provision of adequate library resources, constant power supply, functional internet connectivity and adequate funding.     


Etuk, G. R., Ajake, U. E. & Iyam, U. I. (2015) Women sensitive employment benefits and employed women’s labour productivity.   Australian Journal of Social Research 2 (2) pp 1-7 

The empowerment of women is a crucial focus of gender policies in many countries. The issue has become a focal point because in their efforts towards being socially productive, women irrespective of social or economic background are confronted with constraints at different points by different natural and cultural conditions. By nature, an average woman will menstruate, perhaps get pregnant and even experience menopause at some point in her life. These conditions, coupled with housework, which in most cultures is exclusively allocated to women as their primary and traditional role, are not without physical and emotional health implications. This paper explores the constraints posed by these conditions to employed women in their performance and labour productivity. The paper further stresses the need for women-sensitive employment benefits and incentives such as domestic servants, specialist medical and counselling services, as well as holiday periods in organisations, highlighting how they can function to empower employed women to whether the constraints they face, and still optimize performance and productivity at work


Ajake, U. E. & Jamabo, T. (2015) Parental exposure of children to new experience and learning outcome: A perspective of home factor in productive child education. Open Journal of Social Sciences 3 (6). pp 28-33.

Survey data collected from 1000 primary school children in Calabar metropolis, Nigeria were analysed to determine the extent of parental exposure of children to new experiences and its influence on their learning outcome. One research question and one hypothesis were formulated to guide the study. The instrument for data collection was captioned Pupils Opinion and Achievement Test Questionnaire (POATQ). Descriptive statistics was used in answering the research question while the independent t-test was used in testing the hypothesis at 0.05 alpha level. The result showed low parental exposure of children to new experiences. The result also revealed that there is a significant influence of parental exposure of children to new experiences on their learning outcomes. Based on the findings it is recommended that for productive learning outcome, parents are encouraged to fully be involved in every aspect of the child’s education for all round development of the child


Ajake, U. E.  & Ugwueke, I. E. (2016) Odd labour and academic performance of primary school pupils in Calabar metropolis, Cross River State, Nigeria. Anglisticum: A Multidisciplinary Research Journal. 5 (6). 81-87

The study sought to determine the influence of odd labour on the learning outcome of primary school pupils in Calabar metropolis of Cross River State, Nigeria. Survey research design was adopted and data collected from one thousand primary school children were analyzed to determine the influence of odd labour on the pupils’ learning outcome. Two research questions and one hypothesis were formulated to guide the study. The instrument used for the purpose of data collection was constructed by the researcher. The statistical tool used was descriptive statistics and the independent t-test respectively. The result revealed low level of involvement of children in odd labour. Furthermore, odd labour has significant influence on the learning outcome of the pupil. It was therefore recommended that parents and care givers should ensure that child odd labour is completely eradicated or reduced to its lowest minimum; so as to enhance learning outcome of the pupils in primary schools.

No Results for Research Works done

Showing All Conferences Attended

28th conference of Home Economics Teachers Association of Nigeria.
Held at Oshogbo, Osun State. Paper presented: Changing Roles and Gender Equity.
Start: Wednesday 19th September, 1990
End: Monday 24th September, 1990
3rd National Conference of Home Economics Empowerment Initiative
Held at Ebonyi state University. Papers presented: i. Exclusive Breast Feeding: A case study of Odukpani local Government Area of Cross River State. ii. Attitude of Students towards Clothing and Textile selection in Cross River state Nigeria.
Start: Tuesday 18th November, 2008
End: Friday 21st November, 2008
8th Annual National Conference of Nigerian Society for Psychological Research
Nigerian Leadership and Psychosocial Issues.
Start: Saturday 12th August, 2017
End: Tuesday 15th August, 2017
29th National Conference/Competitive exhibition.
Held at Awka, Anambra state. Paper presented: Clothing and textile curriculum; emphasis on instructional material
Start: Monday 28th August, 2000
End: Saturday 2nd September, 2000
4th Women in Africa
Held at Abuja. Papers presented: i. Socio-Personal Variables-Access to Education among Females in Central Senatorial Districts of Cross River State Nigeria. ii. Gender Resource Mobilization for Equal Opportunities of the Girl Child in Cross River state
Start: Monday 3rd August, 2009
End: Saturday 8th August, 2009
No Results for Grants/Awards Received