For a better experience, click the icon above to turn off Compatibility Mode, which is only for viewing older websites.

Academic Repositories

26 result(s) found

       

Click to view Document

Abstract

Globalization is a scenario where regional economic bodies integrate into a global system. This is characterized by common telephone lines, railways, systems etc. The unification of curriculum in schools is also another dimension of globalization. The Bologna process in Europe in this direction is serious case in point. Be that as it may, the reality lies in the continuing challenge of this orientation for the developing world. This justified, the inequalities in global issues. The analysis in this paper is to x-ray some of these areas that poses challenge for the under developed nations to cope with the demands of globalization in an unequal world. It is this perspective that convinced many scholars in field, that globalization is a neo-colonialism in disguise.



Click to view Document

Abstract

The Universal Basic Education (UBE) initiated by the Federal Government received a boast on the 30th September, 1999 with an official launching. This paper is written from the dimension of advocating for effective community participation as an appropriate support system towards the actualization of the UBE curricular. It equally gave an insight of the UBE programme as well as a review of Community participation in education vis-­a-vis the scope and importance of the role of Community in educational attainment. The paper also looks at the rationale for Community participation in Education. The position of this paper is that since the government alone cannot and has not been able to fund education equitably, there becomes an obvious need for Community to be involved in the funding of the new programme of education through the provision of basic infrastructural facilities, decision-making, manpower support, etc as this will strengthen the implementational tempo of the new education culture.


Click to view Document

Abstract
University Education in Nigeria has expanded within the last few years from just one University college in 1948, Nigeria can now boast of not less than 50 universities. The role of the university is to train skilled graduates for industrial, administrative and community service positions. University is also expected to play a major part in shaping the quality of leadership as well as educate generation of leaders. Nigeria is currently facing increasing myriads of social malaise; from poor leadership, poverty, environmental degradation to high rate of unemployment. This paper takes a critical look at the functions of the universities in a globalised and knowledge driven world. The paper posits that the university should play a critical role in solving the problems of leadership which has been the bean of this country and also the issue of unemployment. This can be achieved if the university move away from knowledge recycling to knowledge generation provide the "critical mass" in leadership and remodel their curriculum from skill mismatch to a functional industrial based model.



Click to view Document

ABSTRACT

Curriculum Innovation, revision and change are processes of the prevailing social order, which revolve around it. The focus of this article is to advocate for a functional human rights education curriculum. Human rights education is one area, which has taken for granted over the years. It has since enjoyed high level support from international organizations such as United Nations and the council of Europe. The importance of human rights to man and society towards promoting a healthy community living necessitate its support. A call for this curriculum is fortified by the nature of the society we find ourselves characterized by crude governance, harsh governmental policies, oppression and suppression amounting to gross violations of the citizens fundamental human rights. This paper is written in line with the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the 1999 constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. The above advocate can only be realistic through sustainable Human Resource development.



Click to view Document

ABSTRACT

The concept of educational accountability has been relegated to the background within the ambit of Nigeria education. This paper made a conscious attempt to explore the scene by exposing the obvious deficiencies, failures, arid weaknesses found in our educational system, winch are not being accounted for. The position of this paper is that teachers who are at the Vanguard of leaching/learning transactions are being over spared for the deteriorating standard of education. The paper however advocates for a functional operation of educational accountability where teachers contracted with educational performance are held answerable either by being rewarded or penalise accordingly as this will form the basic substratum for a realistic education in the dawn of the new era.



Click to view Document

This is just a sample Repository file


Click to view Document

ABSTRACT

Within the framework of globalised social system, the Nigeria education system has been exposed to a lot of challenges, which have rendered the system vulnerable to certain deficiencies thereby posing new challenges to it. This is based on the fact that the system has not kept pace with the on-going changes in the society which are characterized by rapid changes in educational ideas and system, in political order and economic system and in values system. This paper throws a deeper challenge to social studies curriculum content as a value oriented discipline to overhaul, remake and accommodate current proliferation of education with specific human oriented knowledge considered indispensable in the contemporary World order. It is hoped that when these new issues are fully integrated into the social studies curriculum content and made functional, the products of the school system (students) would be able to internalize the values of interpersonal relationships and cooperation to ensure peaceful co-existence of people, groups and Nations of the world grappling with the forces of globalization.



Click to view Document

ABSTRACT

The desire of every nation is to distribute equitably social and economic benefits across communities. This desire has most often been skewed in favour of the urban few leaving the mass majority of rural dwellers with social and economic inequality even though they constitute the mass of the taxpayers and custodians of natural and mineral resources. The aim of this paper is to guide on how the rural communities can effectively be mobilized using the curriculum approach to ensure sustainable development planning in Nigeria.



Click to view Document

Abstract:  Population variation and human diversity are key elements in Biological anthropology. Ear lobe attachment, hand clasping pattern, and tongue folding, and tongue rolling ability are some observable traits that have been opined to be either inherited or environmentally determined, or even an admixture of both. The aim of this study was to assess the aforementioned traits in relation to ethnicity and gender in eight Nigerian ethnic groups. The study comprised 834 subjects, aged 17-30 years, who belonged to the Anioma, Edo, Igbo, Itsekiri, Isoko, Izon, Urhobo and Yoruba ethnic groups. The multistage sampling technique was used. Ear lobe types, hand clasping pattern, tongue rolling and tongue folding ability were observed and recorded. The data were analysed with the aid of SPSS 20.  Unattached ear lobe, right thumb up hand clasping, tongue rolling and tongue folding were the dominant traits in the respective groups. There were no significant associations between gender, and ear lobe attachment, hand clasping pattern and tongue folding ability (p>0.05); while the association between gender and tongue rolling ability was statistically significant (p<0.05).  There were no significant associations between ethnicity, and ear lobe attachment, hand clasping pattern, tongue folding ability and tongue rolling ability (p>0.05). The findings from this study will be of relevance to the study of human diversity and population variation of these morphogenetic traits.


Click to view Document

Abstract

Sustainable Development has assumed considerable importance as the world continues to experience economic, environmental and social challenges. If education is a critical tool in the transformation towards sustainable development, policies relating to education should provide the ways and means to attaining sustainability. This paper examines the Universal Basic Education (UBE) and how it can be apply to attain sustainable development can be mainstreamed into UBE to be a model for sustainable transformation of the economy, environment and social challenges.



Click to view Document

Abstract

Environmental issues will continue to occupy the thinking of man on earth. That is why environmental conservation consciousness has been on the increase of late. This paper examines Sustainability of the environment within the framework of the policy goal of the National policy on environment. The major approach of attaining true environmental Sustainability has been on how to increase environmental awareness through conservation education. The interest of the authors is to address the issue of environmental Sustainability through the various forms of the formal school curriculum processes and in particular request for it to be strengthened at different levels of the pedagogical process in the Nigerian school system. The formal school curriculum therefore should serve as the instrument by which desired environmental values, skills, attitudes and positive orientation are developed.



Click to view Document

Abstract:  This study was undertaken to appraise the different ocular
disease entities assessed by ultrasonography in the Radiology Department of the University of Benin Teaching Hospital. This was a retrospective study done at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital. The request forms as well as ultrasound scan (USS) reports of 283 patients were retrieved from the record section of the department. Patients had been scanned using a Sonoace Medison X6 ultrasound machine with a linear probe (5-7MHz). Bio-data, clinical information and ultrasonographic diagnosis were collected and entered into a Microsoft excel spreadsheet. Data was subjected to simple descriptive statistical analysis using SPSS version 16 (IL, USA).  The study population comprised of 283 patients with 171 males and 112 females. Trauma 90 (31.8%) was the commonest indication for ocular scan. This was followed by traumatic cataract 30 (19.1%). Melanoma and Aphakia were the least, just 1 each (0.4%), common indications for ocular scan in this study. A total of 351 abnormalities were seen on ocular scan with some patients having multiple pathologies on scan. In both sexes cataract 128 (36.5%) was the commonest finding on USS, this was followed by retinal detachment 82 (23.0%). Vitreous haemorrhage 62 (17.7%) was the third most common finding on ocular USS.  An analysis of the common indications for ocular ultrasonography has been made and an attempt has also been made to elucidate the common ocular findings on ultrasonography as seen within a five year-period at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital. Trauma was the commonest indication for ocular scan and cataract was the commonest ocular scan finding within this period of review.


Click to view Document

Abstract: Snake venom is a source of numerous active natural substances that have specific effects on various biological activities. Investigations over the past few decades have shown that the series of proteins found in venoms of different snakes are of biomedical importance. This paper reviews the biomedical importance of snake venom with respect to diagnostic, therapeutic and pharmaceutical relevance. Substances from venom proteins are extremely specific and exhibit potentials that have made them a source of some therapeutic and diagnostic tools. As tools in the diagnosis of haemostatic disorders, snake venom proteins are often preferred because of their availability, specificity and the speed at which the results are obtained. Some assays utilizing venom proteins have made some DNA-based tests irrelevant and have been accepted and chosen over various coagulation assays. Most of these venom proteins have advanced as drugs to treat fatal ailments such as cancer, cardiovascular diseases and thrombosis. These venoms also exhibit bactericidal activities against a variety of Gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria and have shown promise of solutions to the increasing rates of antibiotic resistance experienced worldwide. In conclusion, snake venom holds potentials in diagnosis and treatment of disease and advances a reliable frontier for future research.  


Click to view Document

Abstract:  A case is reported of a rare finding of a giant primary de-differentiated liposarcoma of the greater omentum weighing more than 22kg in a 24 years-old male, probably the youngest in reported literature and first in our centre. The diagnosis was confirmed histologically after surgical removal through laparotomy. Omental liposarcoma (soft tissue sarcoma) should be considered as a differential diagnosis of abdominal swelling in young adults with consequent management challenge. It has a very poor prognosis.


Click to view Document

Abstract:  Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has attracted public health attention globally, due to its multidrug resistance profile, and increasing morbidity and mortality rates among infected patients. Accurate and rapid detection of methicillin resistant S. aureus is an important task of clinical microbiology to avoid failures in treatment of infections caused by the organism. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the conventional disc diffusion phenotypic and the molecular methods of detecting MRSA strains in clinical isolates at a tertiary hospital in Uyo, Nigeria. The MRSA strains were detected phenotypically using the Oxacillin and Cefoxitin discs diffusion technique as well as detection of mecA gene by singleplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Of the 102(51.0%) S. aureus strains isolated from 200 subjects (healthcare workers, surgical patients and patient relatives), 22(21.6%) were identified as MRSA by Oxacillin and Cefoxitin discs diffusion technique, while the mecA gene was detected in 18(17.7%) isolates. The degree of variability in MRSA strain detection using the conventional disc diffusion phenotypic method and the mecA gene detection method as the gold standard was low in specificity, sensitivity and efficiency rates of 100%, 95.2% and 96.1%, respectively in favour of the discs diffusion method. The result of the phenotypic oxacillin and cefoxitin discs diffusion technique in this study is comparable to the molecular technique and is highly recommended for use at resource-poor settings.


Click to view Document

Abstract

Global trends dictate the direction of educational systems across the world. In this era of interconnectivity, no country operates in isolation and so the working of the country especially its education system is likely to comply with those of others to effectively stimulate the desired changes and development. The university is one centre that is responsible for the promotion and sustenance of growth and progress in the society. If this is so, then universities should be empowered effectively to be able to respond to the trend of modern thinking. This paper identified the university curriculum as the best instrument to be used for the repositioning of our universities to meet global challenges.


Click to view Document

ABSTRACT

Facilitating the UBE curricula implementation through sustainable human resource development is the main thrust of this paper. The paper recognizes the fact that primary education which is the foundation upon which the rest of the education system is built has not been given adequate attention in terms of resources allocation. Some curriculum implementation strategies were identified and attempt was made to advocate for an effective and efficient human resource development in basic need areas such as teaching, instructional materials design, programme planners etc. That if the new education programme is to be successful, there should be an enhanced need for manpower training to ensure the successof the UBE programme of education.



Click to view Document

The need for environmental sustainability is receiving serious attention from individuals, governments and non-governmental organizations across the globe. This need is fueled by the fear of over-exploitation of natural resources, including wildlife by man for livelihood. We surveyed bush meat extraction within the forest communities of Ojok and Ekonganaku in Akamkpa Local Government area of Cross River State, Nigeria. Data were collected by local collaborators and research assistants trained for that purpose during marketing days. We also enumerated and weighed carcasses during species identification. A total of twenty six animal species were identified and the number of carcasses counted between August and December 2002 was 4,771. Thus, there is so much extraction of bush meat from the study area. If this trend is not checked through appropriate legislation, it may likely cause an imbalance in the existing relationship between man and the environment. To preserve precious fauna in the study area, we recommend that environmental literacy be made an integral element of the community and school curriculum


Click to view Document

ABSTRACT

Environmental Education as a major innovation in the Nigeria School system is what this paper aimed to examine. The introduction of Environmental Education in schools is predicated on the increasing assault on the environment. The paper reviewed the different environmental education programmes currently in vogue in some Nigeria schools and concluded by recommending the introduction of environmental education curriculum into the primary and secondary schools if true environmental conservation consciousness is to be fostered and moreover as the introduction of any innovation project is better started and experimented in these levels of education.



Click to view Document

Abstract: Ninety percent of deaths due to malaria infection globally still occur  in sub-Saharan Africa. The species largely responsible for these deaths is the Plasmodium falciparum. Another species Plasmodium knowlesi, a simian malaria parasite has also been reported to cause some deaths in South East Asia. Malaria caused by Plasmodium species that primarily have non-human primates as their reservoir hosts are referred to as simian malaria.  It has now been established that P. knowlesi, can also infect humans under natural settings. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of simian malaria among peoples living in some forested areas of Cross River State, Nigeria, where non-human primates are predominantly found. Multiplex PCR with primers specific for P.falciparum, P.ovale, P.malariae and P.vivax  and genus specific primers rPLU5 and rPLU6 were used to detect the presence of malaria. Plasmodium falciparum was found in 51 (9.8%) of 521 participants included in this study (Z value =1.8004, p-value=0.0718). This study did not detect any simian malaria infection in any of the study participants.  In conclusion, this study did not detect simian malaria amongst humans living in forested areas of Cross River State. However, a prevalence of 9.8% of Plasmodium falciparum was observed.


Click to view Document

Abstract
The purpose of the study was to examine the relative contributions of school environmental variables such as school quality and parental socio-economic status to the prediction of academic achievement of students in Social Studies. It is believed that the quality of school attended and home background are looked upon as good mechanisms that will guarantee quality assurance in school. To achieve the above purpose, one composite hypothesis was proposed and tested using the multiple regression analysis. The sample consisted of one thousand two hundred and thirteen (1213) JSS III students proportionately selected from 22 public secondary schools in the 3 education zones of Cross River State. Two sets of instruments were used for data collections which are Environmental and Students' Variables and Social Studies Achievement Questionnaire (ESVSSAQ) and an Achievement Test. The result of the analysis shows that a combination of two environmental variables such as school of quality attended and parental socio-economic status significantly predict students’ academic achievement in social studies yielding a coefficient of multiple regression R. of .286 and a multiple r-square (r ) of .082.



Click to view Document

Abstract
The need to redress the declining quality of our education system at all levels demands a wide range of strategies. Quality and quality assurance drive are anchored on practices for maintaining and improving the overall quality of schooling. To all extent, school achievement is related to effective teaching and learning. Thus quality and its assurance hinge on the quality of the teacher. This paper posited that teacher quality determines the quality of all other school inputs and that without a remarkable improvement in the quality of teachers, quality and quality assurance are not likely to be as potent as the promises of its advocates. Unless we have well trained, motivated professional and highly paid teachers in every classroom, the present reality of our schools (out dated curriculum, mechanical teaching, teachers' stagnation, teachers' attrition etc.) will continue to mar the drive towards qualitative education. The paper recommended broad base incentives to attract, retain highly qualified teachers at all levels of our educational system.



Click to view Document


ABSTRACT

The Cross River National Park (CRNP) was established in 1991 with the sole aim of conserving the last vestige of the Cross River tropical rainforest from extinction since it is habitat to some extinct wildlife species, while at the same time improving the livelihood of the forest communities. This goal seems to be elusive and pervasive of the project proponent and the park host communities. In this report, we discuss how the park has fared over these past years and what it has achieved with regards to its set objectives. We interviewed a total of 120 respondents to gain further insight on the real impacts of the CRNP. ..............


Click to view Document


Abstract


This paper examines how quality assurance can be attained through Strategic Human Resources Development in Nigerian University system. The purpose is to ensure quality control and maintenance of acceptable standards in the University system. To seek solution to the problem, three research questions were posed. The sample for the study was made up of three hundred and sixty (360) academic staff randomly selected from the various Faculties and Institutes of the University of Calabar, Nigeria. The three research questions were analyzed using descriptive statistics. The results of the analysis revealed a significant relationship between Quality Assurance and Human Resources Development.


Keywords: Quality Assurance; Human Resources Development, Quality Education; Higher Education.



Click to view Document

Abstract
A multi-ethnic society is always characterized with conflict and disagreement among the ethnic groups that made up such a society. As each group pursues its own ethnic interest, there is a natural tendency for various groups' interest to conflict with each other. This paper tries to answer the question whether the school curriculum can teach students to be peacemakers in a multi-ethnic society. In answering the question, the paper identified the school curriculum as an acceptable tool for the teaching of the values of peace and co­existence among people of a multi-ethnic society. In the paper, it was established that when the young ones in the society are subjected to learning experiences that emphasizes love, peace, tolerance, empathy, unity and cooperation during their formative stage, such values are internalized and made to become way of life. To achieve this, the authors strongly advocated for an effective curriculum of Peace Education. The Peace Education curriculum, should emphasis. The Peace Education curriculum should emphasis peaceful co-existence and cultural tolerance. In the paper, conflict among a group of people is traceable to the inability of people to tolerate other people's culture. But if people are made to appreciate others culture, there is bound to be peace and understanding. This an effective school curriculum can achieve thereby promoting natural and international understanding.



Click to view Document

ABSTRACT

The study was designed to investigate the influence of students' perception of societal value for paper qualification on their cheating tendency in examinations. The study was carried out in the Calabar education zone of Cross River State using a sample of four hundred (400) S.S.III Students randomly selected from twenty (20) secondary schools in the zone. Two hypotheses were formulated and a researcher-developed Motivational Determinant of Cheating Tendency Questionnaire (MDCTQ) was used to collect data. The data was analyzed using the Pearson Product Moment Correlation Analysis (r) and the Independent t-test. The results revealed a significant (P-<,05) positive relationship between students' perception of societal value for paper qualification and their tendency to cheat in examinations AS well as a significant difference between male and female students' tendency to cheat in examinations.



Showing: 1 of 15 of 26 Records    
0>